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Budget Ham Radio – Reliable & Cheap

Everyone who is prepping should be concerned about communications for a post-SHTF scenario.

After the SHTF it’s too late to decide that you want to learn about HAM communications.

We know money is tight, so how can you get experience with Ham Radio? By reading up on our budget ham radio recommendations that focus on the BaoFeng UV-5R and the TYT UFV1.

Budget Ham Radio – BaoFeng UV-5R

budget ham radio BaoFeng UV-5R PlusI’ve been toying with budget ham radio (aka economic Chinese Radios). I own a handheld TYT UFV1 Dual Band radio which cost me around $115. It does have all the features that you find on other handheld radios that cost many hundreds of dollars and works like a champ, but $115 is still a decent wad of money for someone with a family.

Recently I started tinkering with the BaoFeng UV-5R Plus Dual-Band 136-174/400-480 MHz FM Ham Two-way Radio. This thing has all the features of the TYT for less than 1/2 the cost! That’s right, I got this radio for about $55 from Amazon.com. The prices have dropped down to the mid $30’s for these!

The Bands these cover (Not all of these are legal to broadcast on, but listening should be fine – see FCC Part 95 Rules)

  • 2 Meter
  • 70 cm
  • FRS (Family Radio Service)
  • GMRS (General Mobile Radio Service)
  • MURS (Multi-Use Radio Service)
  • Marine VHF
  • Public service Frequencies
  • NOAA Weather Band
  • FM radio (listen only)

That is quite a list of frequencies.While it’s not legal to transmit on all these frequencies if your not a HAM or if the device isn’t approved on the FCC Part 95, that really won’t apply after SHTF. I’d take an FCC fine over death any day!

I have other radios (TYT UVF-1, Yeasu FT-7800R), but I always find myself reaching for my BaoFeng when it’s time to head out! I’ve added a few accessories to this great budget ham radio to make it even more awesome and versatile.

BaoFeng Accessories

Car Charging:

The 12v power adapter is essential. It plugs into your charging base for auto and mobile use.

There is another 12v solution, the Baofeng VPS-001 Vehicle Power Supply / Car Battery Eliminator, this swaps out with your battery, so you run your BaoFeng directly from your auto’s 12v current, allowing you to save your battery.

Alternate Power:

Lb-75n Battery Case, uses 6 AAA batteries to run your handheld, very nice, if you have rechargeable batteries!

Radio Battery Case for Baofeng, this one uses 6 AA batteries.

Antenna Upgrades

I’ve been testing out some aftermarket antennas, that really give my BaoFeng a nice boost in transmit and receive. Post on BaoFeng Antenna Upgrades.

Mobile Antenna

budget ham radio MAGNETIC Mobile ANTENNA Ham Radio 2 MeterI decided to expand the range and allow myself the ability to use this in my car. Sure it would have worked in my car using the rubbery ducky antenna, but a car is essentially a large metal box, not the greatest thing for radio waves.

Another cool thing I can do is use this without my car, by placing it on a large metal surface (cookie sheet) and use it for a “base station” antenna. I was able to hit a repeater (70cm band) about 25 miles away, without line of site. We’re talking hills and trees, and rain in my path.

MAGNETIC Mobile ANTENNA Ham Radio 2 Meter / 70 cm 144 – 148 & 440 – 470 MHz

Cable Adapter for external Antenna

I needed a way to connect the PL-259 connector to your SMA antenna connection on the BaoFeng, so I grabbed the Reverse SMA to “PL-259” Adapter Cable – Female/Female for Wouxun Baofeng. This is the one that fits perfectly on the BaeFeng.

Note: The TYT UVF1 uses the exact opposite, male SMA fitting (“SMA” to “PL-259” Adapter Cable).

Mobile Microphone for Auto use:

budget ham radio Handheld BAOFENG UV-5R Speaker-micThis is pretty self explanatory. I didn’t want to have to grab the radio every time I wanted to broadcast. This microphone is designed for the BaoFeng and feels just like a CB radio microphone.

Original Handheld BAOFENG UV-5R Speaker-mic for dual band radio


I was unsure of the quality of the BaoFeng UV-5R Plus Dual-Band 136-174/400-480 MHz FM Ham Two-way Radio, but after buying it and using it, I fell in love. I like it so much that I bought 2 more, just in case I dropped mine or it was stolen.

I mentioned this radio last night at a local Ham Club meeting and one of the other members pulled this exact radio out of his coat pocket to show everyone. They are gaining in popularity which means the price might start going up.

$55 to get some Ham experience is priceless in my mind!

I must be honest with our readers, there was a dual band, hand held, budget ham radio before the BaoFeng. It was the TYT TH-UVF1 and it’s a story worth telling.


Budget Ham Radio – TYT TH-UVF1

Before I owned a BaoFeng UV-5R Plus, I bought the TYT TH-UVF1. The TYT TH-UVF1 is a Handheld Deluxe VHF/UHF Dualband Amateur Radio (2M/70cm) Transceiver with a Twin Display. It also can put out a full 5W of power.

I still own this radio and I still use it daily. I am a little more careful with this one, because unlike the BaoFeng UV-5R Plus ($40ish), the TYT TH-UVF1 tips the dollar scale at a whopping $115 USD. This still falls into the range of the budget HAM radio, but as a prepper I like a bit of redundancy. For the price of 1 TYT TH-UFV1 I can have 2 BaoFeng radios.

budget ham radio tyt UVF1 accessories

Not to lessen this radio, it’s awesome, just like the BaoFeng and has a myriad of really cool accessories. It also comes standard with the 12v cable and the standard AC power cable, a nice perk.

One difference to note is that the SMA antenna connector is female on the TYT TH-UFV1, so if you want to connect to an external antenna (mobile or base station) you’d need a cable like this one: “SMA” to “PL-259” Adapter Cable.

The female SMA antenna connector also comes into play if you opt to purchase an aftermarket handheld antenna for this radio.

The TYT TH-UVF1 has a female antenna port, which means your antenna connection accessories must be SMA-Male!

This radio suffers from horrible documentation. The translation from Chinese to English is terrible. Luckily there is a TYT TH-UVF1 Manual Wiki page, written by some enterprising owners of these handy radios, that can help you with the basics of programming.

There is also a handy and Foldable pocket reference pdf you can download and print out. I have mine folded, and taped into a nice little package that I can stick in my wallet or backpack for quick reference.

I’ve used this radio for a couple years now and really liked it. I’ve used it many times to check in on “nets” and talk to other HAMS via repeaters. The only issue for me is that the economy price of the BaeFeng makes me worry less about breaking it, so it get’s tossed in my backpack and the car much more often. If you want something a tad larger than the BaoFeng and don’t mind spending a few more bucks jump on one of these TYT TH-UVF1‘s.

Links to help you get up to speed on Budget Ham Radio Gear:

Satellite Communications with Budget Ham Radios

HAM Radio Communications Gear

Radio Communication After a Disaster


  1. The one thing I’ve learned about the UV-5R is that is broadcasts on all of the radio bands. Not just ham radio.

    That isn’t widely known, because as hams, we tend to stick to broadcasting in a legal capacity, but one way I tested that “additional functionality” was turn on my NOAA weather alert radio, and key up my UV-5r to the broadcast channel. It was then I learned it transmitted outside the 2m/70cm ham freqs.

    They have come out with an “American Edition” but you’d be smart as a prepper, to buy the UV-5Rs while you can. I have transmitted on the FRS/GMRS bands with this radio, and considering all of the features of this radio, $55/ea is a STEAL. I have spares, spare parts, and all of that has been cheaper than my Icoms, Yaesus, Alincos, and Kenwoods.

    Stock up on comms. 😀


  2. Hi,
    Decided to give it a try. Waiting for the radio to arrive.
    When you say “hit” a repeater, do you mean transmitting to the repeater, or just receiving from?

    • When I say “Hit a repeater”, I mean both transmitting and receiving. Obviously receiving is much easier, because a repeater, typically sits up high, and has lots of power. If I can’t transmit, it’s probably too far, then I’ll leverage a larger handheld antenna, mobile antenna, or a base station antenna. You’ll be surprised how far you can transmit with the BaoFeng radios. They are pretty slick!

  3. I just bought the f-11. Could not get more that a mile down the road, am I missing something?? bought two to test. My brother in law a a regular vhf radio and get 5 miles. What am I doing wrong??

    • Is the F11 a handheld radio? There are settings menus on most modern radios so you may have to select a higher power transmission setting or invest in a larger antenna.

  4. I’m took you advice and went ahead a got myself the whole deal. Will be also studying for my Technician license. Thanks for your advice!

  5. FYI, “THE” resource for the UV-5R is https://www.miklor.com/
    That’s the place to go to get information like “what’s the difference between the different versions?” (the answer is…nothing, but newer ones will have newer firmware which cannot be updated) and help on setting up programming software or programming from the keypad.

  6. A few notes:

    1. If you get the free CHIRP software to program your UV-5R, you can set channels to “receive only”. That way you can program in whatever channels you aren’t legal on for scanning purposes without worrying about inadvertently transmitting on them.

    2. In a true life-or-death situation, FCC rules allow you to transmit on ANY frequency, regardless on your license level (or lack of). But it has to be a true emergency. Any other unlicensed use of a frequency can be pretty damn costly. And don’t think they won’t find you. They DO look, and the legitimate users of frequencies WILL turn you in.

    3. Scanner laws differ greatly among the states. Check your state’s laws. In my state, mobile use (i.e., in your car, on your bike, walking around even) is only legal if you are a licensed ham, or are a cop/firefighter/etc with WRITTEN permission to use a scanner from your chief/boss/etc. Kinda crazy, I know, but that’s the law. Violation of it can result in seizure of your equipment and prosecution.

  7. Really enjoyed your article and your review of this radio. Until now, I’ve only dealt with the small Motorola “walkie talkies” for short distance. We purchased these prior to my deployment to Iraq and used them to communicate between flight ops and the airfield. They worked great. However now that I’m retired from the military and looking at comms for my SHTF scenarios, I’ve been thinking about getting something more “long distance” so if something happens, I can communicate with my wife. We both work in the same town but it’s 20 miles from our house so would be good for us to be able to communicate and link up before heading on the long walk home. When I followed the link you have above to Amazon, this radio is now priced at $32.00. Not one to particularly like “Bing”, I have to tell you that the Bing daily search program is great. I had built up enough points to purchase 9 $5.00 Amazon gift cards so used these for this purchase. Using the free shipping with Amazon, an the gift cards earned through Bing daily searches, I was able to get two of these radios for a total cost to me of $19.30. Again, thank you for the review.

    • I don’t know with this specific Baofeng, but not likely. Depends on the frequency ranges it supports, particularly for the receive. I know the Baofeng I have (not the UV-5R) doesn’t support short wave at all.

  8. No, the Baofeng radio product line doesn’t support HF (or short wave). Frequency coverage is FM only, and from 136-174 MHz on VHF, and from 400-520 MHz on UHF.

    Some of you that are more concerned with “private” communications may want to look into a couple of the TYT handheld units that support audio inversion, aka “scrambling”. Keep in mind, however, that not all TYT units support that feature, nor can you legally use audio inversion on the amateur radio bands.

    TYT also has another handheld model that might be of great interest to some, as it has 10W of power output on both the VHF and UHF bands, plus a 50W/35W mobile dual-band radio at a rediculously low price point (compared to the Japanese rigs). They may not be at the $32 price point of the Baofeng low-end radios (Baofeng also makes more expensive radios as well), but many of their features are “really” helpful when in the great outdoors or when trying to raise a distant repeater miles away from civilization.

    Google “RF Gear 2 Go” if you’d like additional information.

  9. Please do not buy or use any radio that operates illegally outside of the standard ham bands. This is really n
    cot what hams do, you know?

  10. I have four of these radios. I got into ham radio 50 years ago. I was always interested in low power radio. Unfortunately I didn’t get into the microprocessor mumbo jumbo. My all four radios work great with about five to six mile range. I have no problems with direct entry simplex frequencies. However I need help with direct entry repeater tones. Could you please write a procedure for us older hams who are not as computer wise… Thanks NL7QT QRP ..


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